The Issue of National Identity in Modern Portugal


by Alexander Vukolov

Lomonosov Moscow State University
Faculty of Political Science


sandro.vukol@gmail.com

Abstract

The article analyzes the transformation of the Portuguese national identity, which started since the Carnation Revolution (1974), and the influence of the previous historical experience of Portugal as the great colonial empire on this process. The research reveals that in the contemporary world Portugal is characterized by post-imperial national identity. In terms of international affairs, it is expressed in the tight political, economic and cultural cooperation with Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) countries. As for the Portuguese society, nowadays one of the most topical and controversial issues concerning national identity is the issue of dealing with the imperial past, especially with negative aspects of the colonial system.

Key words: Portugal, national identity, historical memory, colonial empire, democratization


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by Alexander Vukolov