Linguistics

Modalwort kaum am Beispiel der literarischen Werke von deutschen und russischen Schriftstellern

This article attempts to trace semantic change of the modal word „kaum“ and its meaning in German and Russian languages. Traditionally modal words being much more frequent in spoken than in written language don`t possess grammatical status. In the context this article focuses on etymology, equivalents and combinability with other particles, as well on the introduction of meanings of „kaum“ in pre-, middle- and afterfields.

Cross-cultural Analysis of Phraseological Units of Biblical Origin in the Russian, Spanish, French and English Languages

This article is devoted to the cross-cultural analysis of phraseological units of biblical origin in the Russian, Spanish, Italian, French and English languages. The conducted cross-cultural analysis revealed a range of similarities and differences between phraseological units of biblical origin in given languages, showed general and culture-specific features in biblical phraseology despite the common source that affect the translation of those units from one language to another.

Cognitive aspects of frame-scenario “discreditation” in political discourse (on material of US presidential debates 2012)

The article is devoted to a cognitive analysis of the frame-scenario “discreditation” in the political discourse. The material taken is Barack Obama’s speech in the final US presidential debates on October 22, 2012. As seen from the results, the frame-scenario «discreditation» can be viewed as a series of components. There are five of them: stimulus – approval – criticism – approval – conclusion. Due to conceptual analysis of the two main components, i.e. approval and criticism, it is possible to find out their dominant meanings.

AN AXIOLOGICAL COMPONENT OF THE LINGUO-CULTURAL TYPE “HÉROS COMBATTANT / HERO-FIGHTER”

The life of a hero-fighter as a linguistic and social personality is organized around hierarchically arranged value dominants, which are socially and individually determined and form his conceptual and linguistic pictures of the world. Such dominants are believed to semiotize the hero’s linguo-cultural space, consequently identifying the objectives and priorities of the society, as well as shaping the personality’s outlook.

English-Japanese code-mixing in J-pop and J-rock song texts

This article presents the results of a study in the field of contact variantology or World Englishes. It describes the results of the English and Japanese languages contact in Japan’s popular music culture. Phonetic, lexical and grammatical features of Japan English in J-pop and J-rock song texts are presented and analyzed. Code-mixing is examined at the levels of the text, paragraph and phrase.

Foreign Language Learning in Modern Russia and the World: National Peculiarities in Aims, Reasons and Methods

The aim of the research under consideration is to figure out the cultural peculiarities of studying foreign languages in modern Russia. To achieve this aim a survey concerning the aims, reasons and ways of studying foreign languages and cultures was conducted. It was aimed at schoolchildren in Moscow, students, graduates and postgraduates, international students, visitors and trainees of higher linguistic institutions in Russia. Contrastive study of the answers given by the respondents from various world regions helped to single out the peculiarities of foreign language studies in Russia.

The fairy-tale law of retribution in Grimm’s Fairy Tales: Little Snow-White, Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel

Nowadays fairy tales are of particular interest to the Western culture, especially to the culture of the United States. The present article focuses on the categories of good and evil and their roles in the description and evaluation of characters in the following brothers Grimm tales: Snow White, Cinderella, Hansel and Gretel. An analysis of the fairy-tale endings where the law of retribution manifests itself is carried out.