Modalwort kaum am Beispiel der literarischen Werke von deutschen und russischen Schriftstellern

This article attempts to trace semantic change of the modal word „kaum“ and its meaning in German and Russian languages. Traditionally modal words being much more frequent in spoken than in written language don`t possess grammatical status. In the context this article focuses on etymology, equivalents and combinability with other particles, as well on the introduction of meanings of „kaum“ in pre-, middle- and afterfields.

Cross-cultural Analysis of Phraseological Units of Biblical Origin in the Russian, Spanish, French and English Languages

This article is devoted to the cross-cultural analysis of phraseological units of biblical origin in the Russian, Spanish, Italian, French and English languages. The conducted cross-cultural analysis revealed a range of similarities and differences between phraseological units of biblical origin in given languages, showed general and culture-specific features in biblical phraseology despite the common source that affect the translation of those units from one language to another.

Cognitive aspects of frame-scenario “discreditation” in political discourse (on material of US presidential debates 2012)

The article is devoted to a cognitive analysis of the frame-scenario “discreditation” in the political discourse. The material taken is Barack Obama’s speech in the final US presidential debates on October 22, 2012. As seen from the results, the frame-scenario «discreditation» can be viewed as a series of components. There are five of them: stimulus – approval – criticism – approval – conclusion. Due to conceptual analysis of the two main components, i.e. approval and criticism, it is possible to find out their dominant meanings.


The life of a hero-fighter as a linguistic and social personality is organized around hierarchically arranged value dominants, which are socially and individually determined and form his conceptual and linguistic pictures of the world. Such dominants are believed to semiotize the hero’s linguo-cultural space, consequently identifying the objectives and priorities of the society, as well as shaping the personality’s outlook.

English-Russian dictionary on plant protection as a means of training bachelor students in agronomy toward translation and vocational competencies

This article deals with the experience of preparing and using special English-Russian dictionary for training the bachelor students in agronomy. The peculiarities of the Russian agricultural education have been taken into account to help BSc students to translate and understand professionally oriented English texts.

Improving the Monologic Skills

This article gives a brief outline of the problem of improving the monologic skills. It provides the features of the monologue and stages of its improving by inductive way. It also studies linguistic and speech exercises playing an important role in training the monologue.